A Guide to Uniswap V4's Limit Order Hook

Limit Order Hook Infographic


Uniswap V4 introduces a game-changing capability with the Limit Order Hook. This advanced hook enhances automated trading strategies by offering fine-grained control over order execution, a significant leap for liquidity providers and traders who require precision and efficiency in their DeFi engagements.

The accompanying infographic is a detailed walkthrough of the Limit Order Hook, an open-source contribution from Uniswap Labs. It outlines the core components, types, and functions that make up the architecture of this feature, giving you a structural overview of how it operates within a Uniswap V4 Pool.

Types and Data Structures

At the foundation, we have the PoolKey and Epoch, key structs that help organize and navigate the various states of orders within the system. With EpochInfo, developers can trace the lifecycle of orders, ensuring transparency and consistency in transactions.

Core Functions

The infographic outlines main functions such as place, kill, afterSwap, and withdraw, each serving a pivotal role in managing limit orders. From placing a new order to withdrawing filled ones, these functions constitute the workflow that users and developers must familiarize themselves with.

Execution Flow

  • Initiating a Limit Order (place function): The journey begins with the place function, where a new limit order is created. This function locks the pool and triggers a series of steps to modify the pool's position. Here, the getEpoch and setEpoch sub-functions play a critical role in managing the order's time-bound aspects, ensuring the order is slotted into the correct epoch for execution.

  • Canceling a Limit Order (kill function): Cancellation is handled by the kill function. It retrieves the current epoch and locks the pool to secure the transaction. The function then proceeds to adjust the pool's position, claims fees for limit order placers, and withdraws the tokens back from the Uniswap V4 contract, effectively removing the order from the pool.

  • Post-Swap Order Adjustment (afterSwap function): After a swap occurs, the afterSwap function is called to update the status of limit orders. It calculates the ticks crossed during the swap and adjusts limit orders accordingly. This function ensures that liquidity is managed correctly without the need to transfer ERC20 tokens out of the Uniswap V4 contract.

  • Withdrawing a Filled Order (withdraw function): Finally, the withdraw function allows users to extract their completed orders from the system.


Thanks to @ProgrammerSmart for creating the infographic.